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Ordinance Guide - Rat Control

Rat Control

ARTICLE XII. RAT CONTROL

DIVISION 1. GENERALLY

Sec. 10-481. Definitions.
The following words, terms, and phrases, when used in this article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
(1) Business building means any structure, whether public or private, regardless of the type of material used in its construction, located within the boundaries of the city that is adapted to occupancy for the transaction of business, whether vacant or occupied, for the rendering of professional services, for the display, sale, or storage of goods, wares, or merchandise, or for the performance of work or labor, including hotels, rooming houses, beer parlors, office buildings, public buildings, stores, markets, restaurants, grain elevators and abattoirs, warehouses, workshops and factories.
(2) Opening means and refers to any opening in the foundation, side, or walls of any business building, including roof, chimney caves, grills, windows, sidewalk grates, and sidewalk elevators, through which a rat may enter.
(3) Person includes the owner, occupant, agent, individual, partnership, or corporation, or any other person in custody of any business building as defined herein.
(4) Premises includes all business buildings, outhouses, sheds, barns, garages, docks, wharves, piers, grain elevators and abattoirs, whether public or private, and any and all other structures used in connection with the operation of any business building as herein defined.
(5) Rat harborage means any condition found to exist under which rats may find shelter or protection, and shall include any defective construction which would permit the entrance of rats into any business building.
(6) Rat stoppage means a form of ratproofing to prevent the ingress of rats into or to buildings or other structures from the exterior, or from one building or structure to another. It consists essentially of the closing or protecting of all openings in exterior walls, foundation, roof, sidewalk grates, outer entrances, floors, drains, doors, and all other openings that may be reached by rats from the ground by climbing or by burrowing, with concrete, galvanized flat sheet-iron of 24-gauge or heavier, hardware cloth of not more than one-half-inch mesh in its greatest dimension of 19-gauge wire or heavier, or other type of ratproofing material impervious to rat gnawing, approved by the director of public health.
(7) Ratproof building means one constructed in such manner and of such materials as to prevent the ingress of rats.
(Ord. No. 91-1102, § 12, 7-31-91; Ord. No. 93-1570, § 2(d), 12-8-93)

Sec. 10-482. Dumping or accumulating garbage, rubbish, etc.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to dump or place on any land or on any water or waterway within the city any dead animal, butchers' offal, seafood, or any waste vegetables, animal matter, or any food products whatsoever.
(b) No garbage, rubbish, waste, or manure shall be placed, left, dumped, or permitted to accumulate or remain in any building or premises in the city so that same shall or may afford food or a harboring or breeding place for rats.
(Ord. No. 91-1102, § 12, 7-31-91; Ord. No. 93-1570, § 2(d), 12-8-93)

Sec. 10-483. Accumulations of lumber, boxes, etc.
It shall be unlawful for any person to permit to accumulate on any premises, improved, or unimproved, or on any open lot or alley in the city, any lumber, boxes, barrels, or similar material that may be permitted to remain thereon and that may be used as a harborage for rats, unless the same is placed on open racks and elevated not less than 18 inches above the ground, with a clear intervening space underneath, to prevent the harborage of rats. This section shall not apply when such lumber or other material is stored temporarily, for a period not to exceed 14 days, at an elevation designated by the neighborhood protection official.
(Ord. No. 91-1102, § 12, 7-31-91; Ord. No. 93-514, § 26, 5-5-93; Ord. No. 93-1570, § 2(d), 12-8-93; Ord. No. 94-674, § 36, 7-6-94; Ord. No. 98-613, § 42, 8-5-98)

Sec. 10-484. Storage of feed and grain.
It shall be unlawful for any person to store any feed or grain for the use of animals or fowl, for other than commercial purposes, unless it is placed within a metal bin or container to prevent the feeding of rats.
(Ord. No. 91-1102, § 12, 7-31-91; Ord. No. 93-1570, § 2(d), 12-8-93)

Sec. 10-485. Treatment of rat burrows and other exterior harborage.
Rat burrows and other exterior harborage shall be treated under methods directed by the neighborhood protection official.
(Ord. No. 91-1102, § 12, 7-31-91; Ord. No. 93-514, § 26, 5-5-93; Ord. No. 93-1570, § 2(d), 12-8-93; Ord. No. 94-674, § 37, 7-6-94; Ord. No. 98-613, § 43, 8-5-98)

Sec. 10-486. Penalty for article violations.
Whenever in this article an act is prohibited or is made or declared to be unlawful, or a misdemeanor, or the doing of any act is required or the failure to do any act is declared to be unlawful, the violation of any such provision shall be punishable by a fine of not less than $100.00 nor more than $2,000.00; provided, however, if a person is convicted of an offense under this article which offense is also a violation of the criminal provisions of any state law, such person shall be subject to the criminal penalties set out in state law. Each day any violation of this article continues shall constitute a separate offense.
(Ord. No. 91-1102, § 12, 7-31-91; Ord. No. 93-1570, § 2(d), 12-8-93)
Secs. 10-487--10-495. Reserved.

Commentary

This ordinance requires property owners to take necessary measures to control rodents, and especially prohibits large accumulations of lumber or trash. This ordinance is enforced by the Neighborhood Protection Team, 3-1-1.